A Complete List of Low Potassium Foods That is Too Good to Ignore

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A Complete List of Low Potassium Foods That is Too Good to Ignore

Hyperkalemia is a severe condition where a person's blood potassium level is more than 7.0 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). This can be dangerous or even deadly, if not treated immediately. In most cases, inability of the kidneys to filter out excess potassium from the body or an increased production of the mineral in the body, causes hyperkalemia. A diet that is low in potassium is important to manage this condition, especially when the underlying cause is a kidney disease.

Foods Low in Potassium

Almost all foods contain some amount of potassium. A diet to manage hyperkalemia, must include foods that are low in potassium. However, it is more important to monitor the serving size of what you are eating. Eating a large amount of a food that is low in potassium, may actually contribute more potassium than a small serving of a food that is rich in the mineral. So, paying attention to the portion size is the key.

According to the National Kidney Foundation, "Eating more than 1 portion can make a lower potassium food into a higher potassium food". Foods that offer less than 200 mg of potassium per serving, are categorized into low-potassium foods. Some recommended foods belonging to the low-potassium category are mentioned as follows.

Please Note: The potassium content in the foods mentioned in the table below is calculated based on an ounce. However, the serving size that is acceptable is about ½ a cup, unless otherwise indicated with a * symbol.

* To print any list, click anywhere on the table containing it.

Low Potassium Fruits

Fruits Serving Size K (mg)
Pear nectar, canned 1 ounce
(28g) 3.6
Cranberry sauce, sweetened 1 ounce
(28g) 7.3
Peach nectar, canned 1 ounce
(28g) 11.2
Pears, canned, water pack 1 ounce
(28g) 14.8
Applesauce, canned, unsweetened 1 ounce
(28g) 20.7
Blueberries, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 21.6
Cranberry juice, canned, unsweetened 1 ounce
(28g) 21.6
Cranberries, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 23.8
* Apples, raw, peeled 1 ounce
(28g) 25.2
Peaches, canned, water pack 1 ounce
(28g) 27.7
Apple juice, canned, unsweetened 1 ounce
(28g) 28.3
Grape juice, canned, unsweetened 1 ounce
(28g) 29.1
Pineapple, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 30.5
* Watermelon, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 31.4
Pineapple juice, canned, unsweetened 1 ounce
(28g) 36.4
* Grapefruit, raw, pink and red 1 ounce
(28g) 37.8
Raspberries, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 42.3
Strawberries, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 42.8
* Plums, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 44.0
Blackberries, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 45.4
* Tangerines, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 46.5
Grapes, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 53.5
Sweet cherries, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 62.2
K = Potassium

* Apple (1 medium), Watermelon (limit to 1 cup), Grapefruit (½ whole), Plums (1 whole), Tangerines (1 whole)

Low Potassium Vegetables

Vegetables Serving Size K (mg)
Alfalfa sprouts, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 22.1
Eggplant, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 34.4
Cucumber, raw, peeled 1 ounce
(28g) 38.1
Iceberg lettuce, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 39.5
Cauliflower, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 39.8
Green beans, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 40.9
Onions, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 40.9
Peppers, green, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 49.0
Turnips, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 49.6
Cabbage, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 54.9
Carrots, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 65.8
Corn, yellow, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 59.4
Zucchini, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 70.8
* Celery, raw 1 ounce
(28g) 72.8
Radishes, cooked, boiled 1 ounce
(28g) 79.8
White mushrooms, raw 1 ounce(28g) 89
K = Potassium

* Celery (1 stalk)

Other Low Potassium Foods

Foods Serving Size K (mg)
* Bacon, cooked 1 ounce
(28g) 165
* Beef, cooked 1 ounce
(28g) 79.5
* Cottage cheese, lowfat, 1% milkfat 1 ounce
(28g) 24.1
* Chicken, cooked 1 ounce
(28g) 71.7
* Egg, whole, raw, fresh 1 ounce
(28g) 37.5
* Tuna, light, canned in water, drained solids 1 ounce
(28g) 66.4
* Ham, sliced, extra lean 1 ounce
(28g) 182
* Beef sausage, fresh, cooked 1 ounce
(28g) 72.2
* Turkey breast meat 1 ounce
(28g) 84.5
White bread 1 ounce
(28g) 28
White spaghetti, cooked 1 ounce
(28g) 12.3
White rice, cooked 1 ounce
(28g) 9.8
* Coffee 1 ounce
(28g) 13.7
* Tea 1 ounce
(28g) 10.4
K = Potassium

* Meats, fish, eggs, and poultry (up to 3 ounces), Coffee (limit to 8 ounces), Tea (limit to 16 ounces)
Note: Meat, fish, and poultry products are generally high-potassium foods. So, their consumption in a low-potassium diet is allowed but only in limited amounts. Also, avoid salted, spiced, smoked, canned, and pickled meat. Other food items including nuts, chocolates, whole grains, dairy, and seeds should be avoided.

Easy Low Potassium Recipes

People with hyperkalemia are advised to limit their daily potassium intake to approximately 2,000 mg. Here are some recipes whose potassium content is below this figure.

☛ Grapple Salad
This recipe is as quick as it sounds.

Ingredients:
• Apple slices, with skin - ½ cup
• Grapes, red, seedless - ½ cup
• Mrs. Dash Garlic and Herb Blend - 1 tsp.

Direction:
Mix the fruits, sprinkle the Garlic and Herb Blend, and serve.

☛ Lettuce and Cucumber Salad
A healthy, low-potassium salad recipe.

Ingredients:
• Cucumber, peeled, chopped - ½
• Onion, small, chopped - 2
• Iceberg lettuce, chopped - 4 cups
• Lemon juice - 2 tsp.
• Vinegar - 1 tsp.
• Salt-free herb blends and spices

Direction:
Mix the vegetables in a dish. Add vinegar, salt-free herb blends and spices, lemon juice, and mix again before serving. Do not use salt substitutes.

☛ Strawberry Sandwich
A delicious low-potassium sandwich you can make in no time.

Ingredients:
• Cream cheese, nonfat - 1 ounce
• Strawberries, sliced - 1 cup
• Pita bread, whole wheat - 1 slice
• Fresh mint - 1 twig

Direction:
Mash ¼ cup of strawberries and mix them well with cream cheese. Now, cut the pita bread into half. Open the pockets, and evenly fill each half with the mixture. Stuff the remaining berries into the pockets. Heat a pan, and spray it with a nonstick spray. Grill both side of the stuffed breads until golden brown. Garnish the sandwiches with mint while serving.

The severity of hyperkalemia may vary from person to person. So, it is best to seek the advice of a certified nutritionist regarding the serving size of foods you should eat to manage the condition better. Hyperkalemia is a serious medical condition, and given its mild symptoms, it may be difficult to diagnose. Its main symptoms include abnormal pulse, muscle fatigue, nausea, paralysis, and weakness. If you have any of these symptoms, then seek medical help immediately.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a certified nutritionist.
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